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Political Science homework help

 James C. Scott, Two Cheers for Anarchism. 978-0691161037 Karl Marx, Selected Wr

 James C. Scott, Two Cheers for Anarchism. 978-0691161037
Karl Marx, Selected Writings. 978087220218 

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Political Science homework help

 Write a two-page (double spaced, Times New Roman Size 12) response to one of th

 Write a two-page (double spaced, Times New Roman Size 12) response to one of the following questions. Feel free to simply save this document and write your response below the question you choose to answer. The header and directions will not count against your two-page limit. Cite the week’s readings at least twice in your answer.
Questions:
Foucault makes the case that the disciplinary economy of power focuses more on the soul/mind than the body. Give an example of a disciplinary method that demonstrates this focus.
Is criminality necessary under a sovereign economy of power? Why?
What is a panopticon? Give an example from your daily life and explain how it conditions your behavior.

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Political Science homework help

Label each entry as you do them whether it’s the title or numbers. Take a look a

Label each entry as you do them whether it’s the title or numbers.
Take a look at the requirements and example below and what’s attached.  
What’s required?
Three learning journal entries per week (described below). At least one journal entry per week must address our semester reading, Our Own Worst Enemy, and other readings related to our special focus this semester: threats to US democracy and ways those threats can be mitigated.
Read the prompt details below and reach out if any questions. You aren’t graded on your political views. You are graded on whether you support your views with credible sources and evidence. Credible sources do not include opinionated commentators like Tucker Carlson or Michael Moore. They can be fun to listen to but are not college assignment sources. So too social media memes and conspiracy theories. I’m not joking. People have cited them. Provide evidence and citations to back up your claims to help others fairly evaluate your arguments. Anyone should be able to go to the materials you relied on upon and see for themselves to confirm, disconfirm or challenge your reading of that material. Then, and only then, can a free and open, and INFORMED discussion take place. No one is limiting your right to free speech by asking you to back up your claims, for additional evidence, or questioning the credibility of your sources.
Avoid logical fallacies
You’ll also find common logical fallacies (aka BS arguments) defined on the second part of this page. Once again, use it as a checklist and make sure you are making the best possible case for your point of view in your journals. 
Questions to address for each idea in a learning journal
Once you have your three ideas (plus one optional extra credit idea) for the week answer the following four questions for each idea:
1) What was the one idea that struck you and why?
2) How does it connect to what you are learning about in class?
What does this mean? Step 1: As you read each section introduction and each page keep notes on the main idea- something that can be written in a sentence or a short phrase. Step 2: What is the main idea of both the module and the section on your topic page is located in? Step 3: What is the main idea you are writing or about or addressing in your journal entry? Step 4: Go back to your notes. What are the other main ideas from this section or module? Step 5: What main idea is your topic an example of? How does it compare to the other main idea(s)? How is it the same? How is it different? Your answer to Step 5 is your answer to question 2 on how your journal entry connects to what you learning in class.
3) How did it expand your understanding?
4) What would you like to learn more about?
Here are the journal entries
#1: Winner Take All Politics (see attachment below)   
#2: The Battle Over the Colorado State Pet  (see attachment below)
#3: Play for Pay  (see attachment below)

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Political Science homework help

Docket

 
POL-SCI 101
ILE ASSIGNMENT  
VOTING

With the landmark ruling Shelby County v Holder (2013), the authority of the federal government to
monitor state level changes to election processes was eliminated.  Many attribute this single act as
the cause for increased voter suppression efforts seen in recent elections, and in the run-up to the
2022 election. Given voting rights are fundamental to our democracy, it is important to understand
what is currently occurring at state level through an exercise related to the topic.

TASK: CHANGES IN VOTING LAWS  

PART A. You will research four (4) major issues affecting elections (see below).  Follow the
directions for each issue listed. When researching, consider only events/changes and laws that
came after the 2020 elections or in the run-up to the 2022 midterm.  All four categories require a
minimum of 250 words for a total of two (2) pages minimum using the formatting guidelines at the
end of the document.  
1. Obstacles for voters: In a number of states, new laws making it harder for individuals to
vote are on the books.  They can include items such as stricter voter ID requirements,
reduced voting hours, minimized eligibility for mail-in ballots, limited number of drop boxes,
no early voting, etc.  States with notable restrictive practices include Arizona, Florida, Texas,
Georgia, and Wisconsin.  
a. Select two states from the above list or from your own research and outline the
range of methods employed to obstruct or limit people’s ability to vote in each
state. Provide some detail on each, for instance ~ how it works, who the obstruction
is targeting, the reasons given for the new obstacle and if the reason is valid, etc.
2. Changes in how the vote is counted and certified:  A number of states have enacted or
proposed changes in laws that takes power away from those normally charged with
counting and certifying elections, and instead giving the role to state legislatures who are
often partisan or over-represent one party.  Approximately eight states have enacted these
laws: Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Oklahoma, and South Carolina.
a. Select two states from the above list or from your own research and outline the
change in each, how it will be implemented and how it can impact the election.  

3. Gerrymandering: Altering district lines after the census to favor one political party over
another, or to marginalize/discriminate against a group of voters has been a long tradition
in our nation.  However, these efforts ramped up considerably after the 2020 election and
census.  Some states with new, gerrymandered district lines have been challenged in court
and include North and South Carolina, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, Arkansas, Ohio, Texas.
a. Select two states from the list above or from your own research.  Explain how each
state was gerrymandered, and the impact the changes have on the state political
process.  (Gerrymandering is explained in your text, but if you want an easy YouTube
version click the 3-minute video – Gerrymandering, explained | The Washington Post –
YouTube )

4. Voter/election worker intimidation: There have been numerous reports of citizen groups or
individuals intimidating both election workers and actual voters.  These incidents have
ramped up in recent weeks.  
a. Find examples from two states of either voter or election worker intimidation and
describe the method used. Include, if possible, who is responsible and what the
federal, state or local authorities are doing to help stop these efforts.   

PART B.  Final Question  
Please add a section of at least 250 words detailing` the larger lessons you learned from completing
the assignment.

FORMATTING AND SUBMISSION:  See outline below
Name:  Only at top
Format:  1-inch margins, 11-12 font, 1.5 spacing
Pages:   Total, 2.5-3 pages and separate bibliography page, MLA format
Points:    Approx. 45  

Useful Sites to Explore:  ACLU, COMMON CAUSE, BRENNAN CENTER FOR JUSTICE, DEMOCRACY
DOCKET
 
EXAMPLE OUTLINE
YOUR NAME_______________________________________
Introduction:    2-3 sentences
PART A:  ISSUES
* Issue 1:  250 words, 10 points
* Issue 2:  250 words, 10 Points
* Issue 3:  250 words, 10 points
* Issue 4: 250 words, 8 points
PART B:  YOUR TAKEAWAYS
* Your views: 250 words, 7 points
*  Bibliography:  Separate page in MLA format, note the source by issue
TOTAL POINTS:  45 points 

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Should investigation of the scandal at toshiba continue until all involved parties are outed and punished?

 Toshiba Accounting Scandal
Toshiba Corporation, a Japanese electronics and engineering conglomerate with headquarters in Tokyo, produces a wide range of products, including personal computers, semiconductors, consumer electronics, household appliances, and nuclear power plant systems. The company also provides an array of services, such as those focused on information technology, communications, and nuclear reactor construction and operation.
In May 2015, Toshiba formed an outside panel to investigate potential accounting irregularities at the company. The formation of such an outside panel is an accepted procedure for companies in Japan, where corporate boards of directors are composed primarily of company executives, with few independent outside directors. An outside panel is typically formed to investigate matters that may involve improprieties by senior managers and executives.
Toshiba’s CEO, Hisao Tanaka, resigned in July 2015 when the investigation uncovered that he was aware that Toshiba profits had been overstated by a total of $1.2 billion over a seven-year time period. (Further investigation would determine that the amount of the overstatement was closer to $1.9 billion.) Two former CEOs who held membership on the company’s board of directors were also implicated in the investigation and stepped down. Six other members of the board also eventually resigned, and Toshiba announced it would appoint several new and independent directors to its board to strengthen external oversight of its management.
The investigatory panel found that “Toshiba had a corporate culture in which management decisions could not be challenged. … Employees were pressured into inappropriate accounting by postponing low reports or moving certain costs into later years.” Managers at Toshiba set such challenging profit targets that subordinates couldn’t meet them without exaggerating the financial results of individual business units. Furthermore, the head of the investigatory panel stated that the scope of their probe had been limited by company management. The investigation of Toshiba’s U.S. nuclear business, Westinghouse Electric Co., was initially declared off limits. Months after a review of that portion of the business was completed, Toshiba took a $2.5 billion write-down on its Westinghouse business.
Following the scandal, Toshiba was removed from the JPX Nikkei Index 400, the stock index that includes the top Japanese companies based on operating income, return on equity, and market value. The move dealt yet another blow to the company’s reputation—inclusion in the stock index matters because investors, including the world’s largest pension funds, use the stock gauge as a benchmark.
In the first quarter following the revelations of the accounting scandal, Toshiba’s sales fell to their lowest level in years, and the firm lost $102 million for the quarter. The price of Toshiba stock shares dropped precipitously, reaching a 36-year low in early 2016. For the quarter ended July 2016, Toshiba reported a slight drop in revenue but generated its first quarterly profit since the accounting scandal. Cost savings generated by the cutting of bonuses and laying off of employees helped boost profits.
The rise of third-party panels is a part of a larger move in Japan to improve corporate compliance following a number of scandals at companies such as IHI Corporation, Livedoor Company, Mitsubishi, Nikko Cordial Corporation, Olympus Corporation, and others. Under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, the government, companies, and the stock exchanges have sought to encourage foreign investors with the promise of more corporate transparency.
There are, however, several issues with the use of third-party panels to investigate potential improprieties. For instance, it is the practice in Japan for the members of such a panel to accept the scope of the investigation as defined by the company board of directors. This means that the board can pressure the panel to stay clear of sensitive areas of the business. In addition, members of the panel are not directors of the company and so do not have a fiduciary duty to shareholders. (Company directors do have such a duty, which requires them to work to advance the interests of the company, keep corporate information confidential, not use their position to further their private interests, and inform themselves of all material reasonably available before making business decisions.) Furthermore, the panel members have no power to force managers to handover documents.
Toshiba is a 140-year-old company and one of Japan’s best-known brands. The magnitude of the scandal at the company caused Japan’s Finance Minister, Taro Aso, to comment that the irregularities were “woefully regrettable” and had dealt a blow to the country’s efforts to regain the confidence of global investors. Aso noted that if Japanese companies failed to implement appropriate corporate governance, they could lose the market’s trust.
Open a new Microsoft® Word document and answer the Critical Thinking Questions below.
Save the file on your computer with your last name in the file name. (Example: case_1-1 _Jones.doc)
Click the Choose File button to find and select your saved document.
Critical Thinking Questions
1. Observers have commented that a scandal of this magnitude, occurring over such a long period of time, must involve collaboration among a large number of managers—reaching from the lowest level to the highest level of an organization. Should investigation of the scandal at Toshiba continue until all involved parties are outed and punished? What are the pros and cons of such an action??
2. Do you think that the practice of appointing outside panels to perform investigations should continue, or can you develop a better solution to enforce corporate compliance with laws and generally accepted accounting principles?
3. Japan is generally considered to be struggling in areas such as transparency and board independence compared to the global standard. What measures do you think should be considered at the national level to improve transparency and gain the trust of foreign investors? 

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What are the other main ideas from this section or module?

Label each entry as you do them whether it’s the title or numbers.
Take a look at the requirements and example below and what’s attached.
 
What’s required?
Three learning journal entries per week (described below). At least one journal entry per week must address our semester reading, Our Own Worst Enemy, and other readings related to our special focus this semester: threats to US democracy and ways those threats can be mitigated.
Read the prompt details below and reach out if any questions. You aren’t graded on your political views. You are graded on whether you support your views with credible sources and evidence. Credible sources do not include opinionated commentators like Tucker Carlson or Michael Moore. They can be fun to listen to but are not college assignment sources. So too social media memes and conspiracy theories. I’m not joking. People have cited them. Provide evidence and citations to back up your claims to help others fairly evaluate your arguments. Anyone should be able to go to the materials you relied on upon and see for themselves to confirm, disconfirm or challenge your reading of that material. Then, and only then, can a free and open, and INFORMED discussion take place. No one is limiting your right to free speech by asking you to back up your claims, for additional evidence, or questioning the credibility of your sources.
Avoid logical fallacies
You’ll also find common logical fallacies (aka BS arguments) defined on the second part of this page. Once again, use it as a checklist and make sure you are making the best possible case for your point of view in your journals. 
Questions to address for each idea in a learning journal
Once you have your three ideas (plus one optional extra credit idea)  for the week answer the following four questions for each idea:
1) What was the one idea that struck you and why?
2) How does it connect to what you are learning about in class?
What does this mean? Step 1: As you read each section introduction and each page keep notes on the main idea- something that can be written in a sentence or a short phrase. Step 2: What is the main idea of both the module and the section on your topic page is located in? Step 3: What is the main idea you are writing or about or addressing in your journal entry? Step 4: Go back to your notes. What are the other main ideas from this section or module? Step 5: What main idea is your topic an example of? How does it compare to the other main idea(s)? How is it the same? How is it different? Your answer to Step 5 is your answer to question 2 on how your journal entry connects to what you learning in class.
3) How did it expand your understanding?
4) What would you like to learn more about?
Here are the journal entries
#1: Video:  A 3-minute guide to the Bill of Rights – Belinda Stutzman
A 3-minute guide to the Bill of Rights – Belinda Stutzman – YouTube 
#2: Modern Liberal Political Theory (see attachment below) 
#3: Pluralism, Majoritarian and Elite Theories (see attachment below)

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Reasonable forecasting.

 I think there is a belief that the only way to do forecasting is with some econometric
models or mathematical models—I would say that is not the case. Admittedly you need
data to make some projections about the future (exactly whether we are addressing the
near-term or long-term future is not always clear). Anticipating, projecting, forecasting are
part of policy-making. If we anticipate (based on available data) a big surge in senior
citizens as an age cohort as a percentage of the overall population, then we need to
address issues of caring for them before that day arrives. If we can document population
trends moving to a certain area or state, that previously was not well populated, then
addressing population-related problems before they hit is simply good policy foresight.
Notice, that this type of thinking is not requiring an econometric model or a mathematical
model—but it does require being able to look at data and use it in ways that can help with
reasonable forecasting. This first assignment addresses readings that raise issues associated
with forecasting—an introduction to the issue.  
Based on these readings how do you look at forecasting.  
1)  should be double-spaced and a minimum of five pages  
2) I do want you to discuss specifics from the readings. Notice that you can begin to look
at different aspects of forecasting, such as using demographics.  

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Hannah, arendtthe university of chicago press; 2nd edition (december 1, 1998)isbn-10 0226025985isbn-13 9780226025988 

 Write a two-page (double spaced, Times New Roman Size 12)  
 
The Human Condition
Hannah, ArendtThe University of Chicago Press; 2nd edition (December 1, 1998)ISBN-10 0226025985ISBN-13 9780226025988 

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Political Science homework help

Provide specific examples of these your own life if you can.

i need help studying 
Provide at least one complete paragraph response to each of the following ten questions as appropriate. Detailed examples should be included in all answers.
1. Define and discuss the top three primary agents of political socialization in order of significance. Provide specific examples of these your own life if you can.
2. How does the U.S. compare to other democracies in terms of voting turnout? In you answer be sure to list and explain the three factors (in order of significance) that correlate with one’s likelihood of voting.
3.With reference to the Media, define the terms sensationalism, and infotainment. Discuss how these ideas play out in the news we watch on television and social media. Be sure to provide detailed examples. 
4. Discuss in detail the current impact of  television, radio, newspapers, and social media in informing the American people with news. In your answer, discuss how these media differ in impact on the baby boom and millennial generations.
5.Define and discuss the concepts of party realignment and dealignment. Identify and discuss one realigning election in American history. With reference to realignment and dealignment,  how would you characterize the state of party alignment today? Explain.View keyboard shortcuts
6.Define and explain the significance of each of the following:
Primary Election Party Platform Party Identification
7. Carefully discuss how the Electoral College works. Detail every stage and discuss the basic mathematics. In terms of electoral strategy, what are red states, blue states, and swing states? 
8. With reference to the lecture on public opinion, provide three attributes of a reliable public opinion survey and comment on why each is important.
9.Define the term ideology. What are the basic differences between liberals and conservatives in America? In your answer provide issue positions for each and provide an example of a prominent liberal and conservative politician. 
10.What is a lobbyist? What are two sources of influence lobbyists use when calling on governmental officials? 
Provide an example of each of the following: Public Sector Interest Group, Single Issue Interest Group, Economic Interest Group

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What are their pros and cons. 

Compare and contrast what is a direct democracy versus representative democracy. Which one do you think is the most effective and efficient in providing fairness and a legitimate electoral process. What are their pros and cons. In addition to this question, pick one thing about the U.S. Constitution including its amendments that you think should be changed. What modifications would you make? Explain your reasons for making this change.
Responses are to be explained in detail. Please use examples. In addition to this discussion, please comment on your fellow students responses. If you agree or disagree, why or why not.